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Mahatma Phule

Mahatma Phule (11th April 1827 to 28th November 1890)

(Indian Social Reformer)

  • Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was born in 11th April 1827 into a family that belonged to the agricultural Mali caste in Pune
  • In 1841, he got admission in the Scottish Mission's High School at Poona.
  • Phule completed his English schooling in 1847.
  • He was married in 1840, at the age of 13 with SavitribaiPhule.
  • In 1848 he was started first Girl School, Budhawar Peth in Pune.
  • In 1851 he was started first Untoucheble’s School in Pune.
  • In 1852 he was started Library in Pune.
  • On 24th September 1873, Phule formed Satyashodhak Samaj to focus on rights of depressed groups such women, the Shudra, and the Dalit.
  • He was a founder of many movements
  1. Movement against discrimination
  2. Movement of Dalit
  3. Movement of women's education.
  4. Peasant's movement
  5. Movement against blind faith.
  • Phule's akhandas were organically linked to the abhangs of Marathi Varkari Sant Tukaram. Among his notable published works are:
  1. Tritiya Ratna, 1855
  2. Brahmananche Kasab,1869
  3. Powada : ChatrapatiShivajirajeBhosleYancha, [English: Life Of Shivaji, In Poetical Metre], June 1869
  4. Powada: Vidyakhatyatil Brahman Pantoji, June 1869
  5. ManavMahammand (Muhammad) (Abhang)
  6. Gulamgiri, 1873
  7. ShetkarayachaAasud (Cultivator's Whipcord), July 1881
  8. SatsarAnk 1, June 1885
  9. SatsarAnk 2, October 1885
  10. Ishara, October 1885
  11. Gramjoshyasambhandijahirkabhar, 1886
  12. SatyashodhakSamajoktMangalashtakasahSarva Puja-vidhi, 1887
  13. SarvajanikSatya Dharma Poostak, April 1889
  14. SarvajanicSatyaDharmapustak, 1891
  15. AkhandadiKavyarachana
  16. AsprashyanchiKaifiyat
  • Jyotiba suffered a stroke in 1888 and was rendered paralyzed. On 28th November, 1890, the great social reformer, Mahatma JyotiraoPhule, passed away.

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