Aurangabad is a city in the Aurangabad district
of Maharashtra, India. Aurangabad (meaning "Built by the Throne") is named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves,
which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara. The administrative headquarters of the
Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is said to be a City of Gates and the strong presence of
these can be felt as one drives through the city. Recently, Aurangabad has been declared as Tourism Capital of
Maharashtra. It is also one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
The co-ordinates for Aurangabad are N 19° 53' 47" – E 75° 23' 54". The city is surrounded by
hills on all directions. Aurangabad features a semiarid climate under the Köppen climate classification.
Annual mean temperatures in Aurangabad range from 17 to 33 °C, with the most comfortable time to visit in the
winter – October to February. Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Average
annual rainfall is 711 mm.
Predominantely Hinduism, with substantial population of Islam beleivers are two major
religions in Aurangabad with 59.1%, 38.0%, of the population following them. And others are 1.5% 52.5% of
Aurangabad's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under
6 years of age.
Aurangabad was founded in 1610 A.D. by Malik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam
Shah of Ahmadnagar, on the site of a village called Khadki. Malik Ambar died in 1626. He was succeeded by
his son Fateh Khan, who changed the name of Khadki to Fatehnagar. With the capture of Daulatabad previously
known as Devagiri by the imperial troops in 1633, the Nizam Shahi dominions, including Fatehnagar,
came under the possession of the Moghals. In 1653 when Prince Aurangzeb was not appointed the viceroy of the
Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed it Aurangabad. Aurangabad is sometimes
referred to as Khujista Bunyad by the Chroniclers of Aurangzeb's reign. Aurangabad was a part of Nizam's princely
Hyderabad State until its annexation into Indian Union and thereafter a part of Hyderabad state of India until
1956. In 1956 it became a part of newly formed bilingual Bombay state and in 1960 it became a part of
The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments, including the Ajanta
Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara and Panchakki.
The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is said to be a
City of Gates and the strong presence of these can be felt as one drives through the city. Recently Aurangabad
has been declared as Tourism Capital of Maharashtra.
Aurangabad has transformed into a major education center in the Deccan due to its rapid
industrial growth and proximity to Mumbai and Pune. It has schools run by the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation
and private schools owned and run by trusts and individuals. Aurangabad has many state govt. schools and
colleges for higher studies such as Govt. College of pharmacy, Aurangabad. Aurangabad is a hub of
Pharmaceutical Education. Yash Institute of Pharmacy is one of the pharmacy colleges offering B.Pharm,
M.Pharm and Ph.D education. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University (BAMU) is located in Aurangabad city.
Most of the colleges of the region are affiliated to it. The University has 101 Colleges affiliated in
Aurangabad and similarly 99 Colleges in Beed, 53 & 55 Colleges affiliated in Jalna & Osmanabad.
Aurangabad is the one the fastest developing cities in Asia. It tops the chart among the developing
cities. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west India's sea and land ports to the
Deccan region. The city was a major silk and cotton textile production centre. A fine blend of silk with
locally grown cotton was developed as Himroo textile. Paithani silk saris are also made in Aurangabad.
Aurangabad is now classic example of efforts of state government towards balanced industrialisation of
state. Major Industrial areas of Aurangabad are Chikhalthana MIDC, Shendra MIDC and Waluj MIDC. A new
industrial belt namely Shendra - Bidkin Industrial Park is being developed under DMIC. The Maharashtra
Centre For Entrepreneurship Development's main office is in Aurangabad. Many renowned Indian and MNCs have
established themselves in the Industrial Estates of Aurangabad.